Today, global inequality is one of the major challenges facing the world community. In 2015, the United Nations adopted a new set of world goals, including bringing down inequality (both within and between nations). In this public lecture, Associate Professor and Research Leader Christian Olaf Christiansen will present the main ideas behind his new research project An Intellectual History of Global Inequality, 1960-2015, generously supported by the Independent Research Fund Denmark and its Sapere Aude program. An Intellectual History of Global Inequality, 1960-2015 is a qualitative, humanistic research project that applies a transnational perspective on the intellectual history of inequality. What is the relationship between geographical anchoring (place), and how people have thought about international and global economic inequality? The research project will investigate four countries (Argentina, Ghana, India, USA), four clusters of public intellectuals (such as economists, sociologists, philosophers, politicians and historians), combined with field studies. In this public talk, Christian will invite the audience into his research lab, presenting his current thoughts about the project, what motivated it, and focusing especially upon the methodological aspects and challenges connected with doing research on the intellectual and conceptual history of global inequality across national borders and continents.